NEEDLE GUIDE

SCHMETZ Works with ALL Sewing Machine Brands!

  Needle Anatomy

Butt:

Shank:


Shoulder:

Blade:

Groove:

Scarf:


Eye:

Point & Tip:

Needle Type:

Needle Size:

130/705 H:

The beveled end allows easy insertion in the needle bar.

Household needles have a flat shank, while commercial and industrial needles have round, threaded, notched or other special shanks. Shanks allow perfect positioning of the needle in the sewing machine.

The sloping area transitioning between the shank and blade. SCHMETZ color codes appear on the shoulder.

Needle size is determined by the blade diameter (i.e., size 75 is .75mm).

The groove cradles and guides thread to the eye. The length and size of the groove vary according to needle type.

The indentation above the eye that allows the bobbin hook to smoothly grab the thread under the throat plate to create a stitch. The shape and size of the scarf vary according to needle type.

The hole through which thread passes. The shape and size of the eye vary according to needle type.

Length, shape, and size vary according to needle types.

Upper color band indicates needle type (i.e., Topstitch).

Lower color band indicates size (i.e., 75/11).

The needle system used by home sewing machines. Needles have a flat shank and a scarf.

How to Read a Needle Package

The SCHMETZ Advantage

  • Less friction on thread passing through eye.
  • Penetrates fabric with less resistance.
  • Smoother stitch creation.
  • Resists heat – improved durability & performance.

Change Your Needle

Damaged or worn needles result in:

• Broken or shredded threads
• Skipped or uneven stitches
• Puckered or damaged fabrics
• Popping sounds made by sewing machine

Replace Your Needle

It’s the easiest way to improve stitch quality.

Needle Selection

Choose needle size according to thread thickness and needle type according to fabric application.

General Purpose Needles

Universal


Size
:  60/8, 65/9, 70/10, 75/11, 80/12, 90/14, 100/16, 110/18, 120/19, Assorted, Twin, Triple
Color Code:  Size only.
Feature:   Slightly rounded point.
Fabric Use:  Numerous - woven and knits. A great general purpose needle.

Jersey (Ball Point)


Size
:  70/10, 80/12,90/14, 100/16, Assorted
Color CodeOrange
Feature:  Medium ball point.
Fabric Use:  Knits and some stretch fabrics. Made especially for sewing on knits. The medium ball point does not damage or break knit fibers.

Stretch


Size
:  65/9, 75/11, 90/14, Twin
Color CodeYellow
Feature:  Medium  ball point, special  eye and scarf.
Fabric Use:  Elastic materials and highly elastic knitwear. The medium ball point, specially designed eye, and scarf prevent skipped stitches.

Specialty Needles

Double Eye


Size
:  80/12
Color Code:  Size only.
Feature:  Universal needle with two eyes.
Fabric Use:  Numerous — woven and knits. Use two different threads for shading and texturing effects for embroidery and topstitching.

Embroidery


Size
:  75/11, 90/14, Assorted, Twin
Color CodeRed
Feature:  Light ball point, wide eye and groove.
Fabric Use:  Use with rayon, polyester and other specialty embroidery threads. The special scarf, widened groove and enlarged eye protect fragile threads and guard against excess friction allowing trouble-free embroidery and decorative stitching.

Gold Embroidery


Size
:  75/11, 90/14
Color Code: None
Feature:  Titanium Nitride coating, slightly rounded point and enlarged eye.
Fabric Use:  Coarse and densely woven materials. Slightly rounded point and enlarged eye are perfect for embroidery on most fabrics and with the most fragile specialty threads. Titanium coating resists adhesives, improves needle wear and penetration of coarse and densely woven fabrics.

Hemstitch


Size
: 100, 120, Twin
Color Code:  Size only.
Feature:  A wing on each side of the needle.
Fabric Use:  Light or medium weight loosely woven fabrics. Popular for heirloom sewing and to create decorative cut work.

Jeans/Denim


Size
:  70/10, 80/12, 90/14, 100/16, 110/18, Assorted, Twin
Color CodeBlue
Feature: Medium ball point and reinforced blade.
Fabric Use:  Denim and similar fabrics. For penetrating extra thick woven fabrics, denims, or quilts with minimum needle deflection, reduced risk of needle breakage and skipped stitches.

Leather


Size
: 70/10, 80/12, 90/14, 100/16, 110/18, Assorted
Color CodeBrown
Feature:  Cutting point.
Fabric Use:  Leather, artificial leather, heavy non-woven synthetics. Do not use on knit or woven fabrics.

Metallic


Size
:  80/12, 90/14, Twin
Color CodePink
Feature:  Elongated eye.
Fabric Use:  Metallic and other specialty threads. A “must have” for sewing with sensitive metallic threads. The elongated eye prevents shredding and breaking of metallic threads.

Microtex (Sharp)


Size
:  60/8, 70/10, 80/12, 90/14, 100/16, 110/18, Assorted
Color CodePurple
Feature:  Very slim acute point.
Fabric Use:  Micro fibers, polyester, silk, foils, artificial leather, coated materials. Very thin acute point creates beautiful topstitching and perfectly straight stitches for quilt piecing when precision is paramount.

Quick Threading


Size
:  80/12, 90/14
Color Code:  Size only.
Feature:  Universal needle with a slip-in threading slot in the eye.
Fabric Use: Numerous — woven and knits. A general purpose needle for effortless threading.

Quilting


Size
:  75/11, 90/14, Assorted
Color CodeGreen
Feature:  Special taper to the slightly rounded point.
Fabric Use:  Made especially for piecing and machine quilting. The special tapered design allows easier fabric penetration and helps eliminate skipped stitches.

Super NonStick


Size
:  70/10, 80/12, 90/14, 100/16
Color Code:  None
Feature:  Anti-adhesive coating (NIT), extra large eye, distinctive scarf, and reinforced blade prevent skipped stitches and provides a residue-free needle.
Fabric Use:  Use when sewing multi-media quilts, embroidery stabilizer, spray adhesive, fusibles, vinyl, or hook and loop tape.

Topstitch


Size
:  80/12, 90/14, 100/16
Color CodeLight Green
Feature:  Elongated eye.
Fabric Use:  Topstitch, heavy, multiple or poor quality threads. Achieve perfectly straight stitch lines and even stitches when using a straight stitch plate.

Multiple Needles

Twin
Double needles are two needles mounted on one shank used to create two rows of stitches simultaneously. Use two spools of thread.

Triple
Triple needles are three needles mounted on one shank used to create three rows of stitches simultaneously. Use three spools of thread.

Universal Twin


Size
:  1.6/70, 1.6/80, 2.0/80, 2.5/80, 3.0/90, 4.0/80, 4.0/90, 4.0/100, 6.0/100, 8.0/100, Assorted

Double Hemstitch


Size
:  2.5/100
Feature: A hemstitch needle and a universal needle with a 2.5 mm separation.

Embroidery Twin


Size
:  2.0/75, 3.0/75

Metallic Twin


Size
:  2.5/80, 3.0/90

Jeans Twin


Size
:  4.0/100

Stretch Twin


Size
:  2.5/75, 4.0/75

Universal Triple


Size
:  2.5/80, 3.0/80

Spring Needles

SCHMETZ Stretch spring needles combine the function of a darning spring on the needle itself. These needles are a dream for free-hand machine embroidery or monogramming in a hoop without a foot.

Jeans/Denim


Size
: 100/16
Feature: Modified medium ball point and reinforced blade.
Fabric Use: Use on extra thick woven fabrics, denim, or quilts.

Embroidery


Size
: 75/11, 90/14
Feature: Light ball point, enlarged eye and wide groove.
Fabric Use: The Embroidery spring needle protects fast moving, fragile threads against excess friction allowing trouble-free embroidery and decorative stitching.

Quilting


Size: 75/11, 90/14
Feature: With a special taper to the slightly rounded point, the needle easily penetrates fabric and helps eliminate skipped stitches.
Fabric Use: Specifically designed for piecing and quilting.

Stretch


Size
: 75/11, 90/14
Feature: Medium ball point, specially designed eye, and scarf to prevent skipped stitches.
Fabric Use: Use on highly elastic knits especially if the fiber content includes Lycra®, Spandex or elastic.

Universal


Size
: 70/10, 80/12, 90/14
Feature:   Slightly rounded point.
Fabric Use:  Numerous - woven and knits.