Solutions to Common Sewing Problems

Problem

Causes

Solutions

Upper Thread Breaks

 

 

  • Incorrect threading
  • Knots or twists in thread
  • Tension too tight
  • Damaged/old needle
  • Needle too small
  • Re-thread machine properly
  • Replace thread
  • Reset bobbin and top thread tension
  • Replace needle
  • Use correct needle for thread and application

Bobbin Thread Breaks
  • Bobbin case incorrectly threaded
  • Bobbin case incorrectly inserted
  • Bobbin does not turn smoothly in bobbin case
  • Lint in bobbin case
  • Bobbin tension too tight
  • Remove bobbin and re-thread with bobbin turning clockwise
  • Remove and re-insert bobbin case
  • Check that bobbin case and bobbin are in “round”; replace if necessary
  • Clean bobbin case and surrounding machine area
  • Check and reset bobbin tension

Skipped Stitches
  • Thread tension too tight
  • Needle damaged
  • Needle wrong size
  • Sewing machine out of adjustment
  • Reset top and bobbin tension
  • Replace needle
  • Use correct needle size
  • Have sewing machine adjusted for timing; hook to needle clearance; needle bar height

Frayed Stitches
  • Needle too small
  • Tension too tight
  • Damaged thread
  • Increase needle size
  • Reset tension
  • Replace thread

Thread Loops on Bottom
  • Thread not in top tension
  • Machine incorrectly threaded
  • Top tension too loose
  • Burr on hook mechanism
  • Re-thread machine with presser foot “up”
  • Re-thread machine incorporating take-up lever
  • Reset top tension
  • Remove burr

Irregular Stitches or Malformed Stitched
  • Wrong needle size
  • Incorrect threading
  • Upper tension too loose
  • Operator pulling fabric
  • Bobbin wound unevenly
  • Ensure correct needle for fabric & thread
  • Unthread machine and carefully re-thread
  • Reset lower and upper thread tension
  • Check presser foot pressure
  • Rewind bobbin

Fabric Puckers
  • Excessive stitch length
  • Needle point is blunt
  • Excessive thread tension
  • Fabric is too soft
  • Thread displacement – too much thread in a small area
  • Fabric not feeding
  • Decrease stitch length
  • Change needle often
  • Check bobbin and upper tension
  • Use stabilizer
  • Decrease field density; scale embroidery designs; increase stitch length
  • Check presser foot, needle plate, feed dogs
     

SCHMETZ DOUBLE EYE NEEDLE – System 705 DE

 

Did you know there’s a needle with two eyes? Really, it’s true! The needle is called the DOUBLE EYE NEEDLE. Unlike threading two threads through one eye, the sequence of the sewing threads is always determined. This is especially interesting if differently colored sewing threads are used for decorative seams (see seam example below).

When threading the sewing machine, the sewing thread spools should unwind in different directions in order to prevent the entanglement of the threads; i.e. one spool should unwind to the right, the other to the left.

The threads should be threaded through all guiding elements, respecting separation elements above the needle; see also the manual of the machine manufacturer.

Insert the needle into the needle bar as far as it will go. At first try the desired decorative stitch in the smallest width and then gradually increase the width of the stitch. If the upper thread is not optimally picked up, the needle can be minimally lowered – less than 1 mm.

IMPORTANT: After that, turn the hand wheel carefully and carry out the first stitches manually. This avoids machine or needle damages. If there still is no optimal interlocking of both needle threads with the bobbin thread, the adjustment of the machine should be checked.

Click HERE for more information.

 

SCHMETZ Quilting Needle

SCHMETZ Quilting Needles, Regular and Chrome

What needle should be used for quilting? One choice is the Quilting Needle. This needle has a thin tapered point allowing the needle to smoothly pass through fabric layers. The thin tapered point helps eliminate skipped stitches and promotes even stitches.

Quilting needles are available in both nickel-plated and chrome-plated finishes in two sizes: 75/11 for piecing and 90/14 for heavier plain or variegated 40 weight threads for quilting. If the SCHMETZ Quilting needle is new to you, try the assortment pack containing both sizes.

Sew SCHMETZ!

SCHMETZ Quilting Needles

SCHMETZ Professional Grade Chrome Quilting Needles

 

SCHMETZ Logo

Do SCHMETZ Needles Work With My Machine?

Machine_LogosSCHMETZ works with all these sewing machine brands!  SCHMETZ engineers work with sewing machine manufacturers around the world to ensure that the SCHMETZ needle performs properly in your home sewing, embroidery and quilting machines.  Most home machines use needle system 130/705 H, so check your machine’s owner’s manual or ask your machine dealer.

Sew SCHMETZ!

 

SCHMETZ Logo

Inspired to SEW, Five Years in Review

Inspired to SEW, Five Years in Review CoverIt’s true . . . time flies when you’re having fun.

When SCHMETZ Inspired to SEW was first created in 2014, we committed to a year. After the first twelve monthly issues, how could we stop? Readership and shares are strong. More importantly, we see stories to be told. SITS is not about techniques and how-to’s. Instead, we focus on the creative spirits contributing to our sewing and quilting community. We are surrounded by compelling stories revolving around the love of sewing. Our list for future interviews and features is so long, we will never publish everyone or every topic.

Issue #60 was a celebration of five years. We created an index so you can review sewing stars and discover new talent. SITS is a collaboration between friends and colleagues, Rhonda Pierce, Rita Farro and Paul Ragas. We enjoy shining light on the talent and stories that make our community great. We hope time flies as you are Inspired to SEW!

Click HERE to view and read 5+ years of SCHMETZ Inspired to SEW!