All About Needles has numerous educational files available to help answer your needle questions. Some of the same material is available as a downloadable PDF file that, when printed out, makes a great reference tool. These are offered at the bottom of this page.Please note: All material is copyrighted and can only be reproduced with the consent of


Comparison of Household Sewing Machine Needle Features - A chart showing the features of the different SCHMETZ household sewing machine needles.

Comparison of the Main Characteristics of Overlock Sewing Needles to the Characteristics of the Universal Needle 130/705 H - A chart showing the differences between Overlock Needles and Universal Needles.

Sewing Machine Needle Dictionary - Brief definitions of some of the nomenclature used when talking about sewing machine needles.

Do You Know Your Needle Points? - Learn about the different needle points available.

How to Properly Open the Plastic Needle Container - Opening a package of SCHMETZ needles is actually a fairly simple procedure, once you know the physics behind the little plastic container.

Let's Sew with SCHMETZ Answers - An answer key for the Kids Let’s Sew with SCHMETZ Trifold Brochure (D-89).

Needle Guide - A brief description of some of the specialty needles available along with a Singer MR Needle Conversion chart.

Needle History - A short history of the sewing machine needle, from its humble beginnings to the present day.

Needle Troubleshooting Guide - Causes and solutions for everyday needle problems.

SCHMETZ Double Needle - Information on how to use two different threads for shading and texturing effects for embroidery and topstitching.

SCHMETZ Needle Guide/Chart - An online visual aid in choosing the proper needle.

SCHMETZ Needle Primer - Find out how little you actually know about your sewing machine needles. This is a must-read for those interested in understanding the nuances of the sewing machine needle.

Thread Sizing Guide - What do all those numbers mean?

    DOWNLOADABLE PDF files (great reference tools!):

    Comparison of the Main Characteristics of Overlock Needles to the Characteristics of the Universal Needle 130/705 H - A listing that shows the differences between the various types of overlock needles and the Universal Needle 130/705 H.

    Domestic Sewing Machine Needles PDF - A historic reference and guide in helping the user pick the proper household needle.

    Needle Eyes PDF - A diagram comparing the eyes of Universal, Embroidery, and Metallic needles.

    Needles for Household Overlock Machines Part 1 PDF - What needles does my overlock use?

    Needles for Household Overlock Machines Part 2 PDF - A simplified look at household overlock sewing machine needle systems.

    Needle Life PDF - How long will my needle last?

    Needle Size Designations PDF - A comparison table showing the different needle sizes. The needle size as a ‘Number metric’ gives the diameter of the needle blade in hundredths of a millimeter measured above the scarf or the short groove, but not at any reinforced part of the blade. A sewing machine needle with a blade diameter of 0.80mm, therefore, corresponds to NM 80, and a needle with a blade diameter of 1.30mm to NM 130.

    SCHMETZ ABC Pocket Guide PDF - An electronic version of the popular SCHMETZ ABC Pocket Guide. This 36-page booklet of household sewing machine needles includes a fabric reference guide, needle anatomy, etc. Also includes the new color code chart. (Updated January 2020.)

    SCHMETZ Needle Guide/Chart PDF - A nifty two-page reference detailing the types and uses of the different needles.

    SCHMETZ Quick Threading Needle PDF - When should this needle be used? What are its limitations?

    Thread Sizing Guide PDF - What do all those numbers mean?