All About Needles has numerous educational files available to help answer your needle questions. Some of the same material is available as a downloadable PDF file that, when printed out, makes a great reference tool. These are offered at the bottom of this page.

Please note: All material is copyrighted and can only be reproduced with the consent of


needle-vert-sm Dictionary

Brief definitions of some of the nomenclature used when talking about sewing machine needles.



gold_needle How to Properly Open the Plastic Needle Container

Opening a package of SCHMETZ® needles is actually a fairly simple procedure, once you know the physics behind the little plastic container.


word-search-sm Let’s Sew with SCHMETZ® Answers
Answer key for the kids Let’s Sew with SCHMETZ® Trifold Brochure (D-89). 
needle-eye-sm Needle Guide

A brief description of some of the specialty needles available along with a Singer MR Needle Conversion chart.


krems-machine-sm Needle History

A short history of the sewing machine needle, from its humble beginnings to the present day.


questionmark1a Needle Troubleshooting Guide

Causes and solutions for everyday needle problems.

household SCHMETZ® Household Needle Chart

An online visual aid in choosing the proper needle.


house-overlock-sm SCHMETZ® Household Overlock Needles

A simplified look at household overlock sewing machine needle systems.


needle-primer-sm SCHMETZ® Needle Primer

Find out how little you actually know about your sewing machine needles. This is a must read for those interested in understanding the nuances of the sewing machine needle.


sulky_thread1 Thread Sizing Guide

What do all those numbers mean?


  DOWNLOADABLE PDF files (great reference tools!):

domestic-history-sm Domestic Sewing Machine Needles PDF

A historic reference and guide in helping the user pick the proper household needle.

needle-eyes-sm Needle Eyes PDF

A diagram comparing the eyes of Universal, Embroidery and Metallic needles.

needles-for-house-ovlk-sm Needles for Household Overlock Machines Part 1 PDF

What needles does my overlock use?

needles-for-house-ovlk-2-sm Needles for Household Overlock Machines Part 2 PDF

A simplified look at household overlock sewing machine needle systems.

needle-life-sm Needle Life PDF

How long will my needle last?

SCHMETZ Revised Needle Chart SCHMETZ® Needle Guide PDF

A nifty two-page reference detailing the types and uses of the different needles. (Updated January 2014)

thread-size-guide-sm Thread Sizing Guide PDF

What do all those numbers mean?

needle-size-desig-sm Needle Size Designations PDF

A comparison table showing the different needle sizes. The needle size as a ‘Number metric’ gives the diameter of the needle blade in hundredths of a millimeter measured above the scarf or the short groove, but not at any reinforced part of the blade. A sewing machine needle with a blade diameter of 0.80mm therefore corresponds to NM 80, and a needle with a blade diameter of 1.30mm to NM 130.

pocket-guide-sm SCHMETZ® ABC Pocket Guide PDF

An electronic version of the popular SCHMETZ® ABC Pocket Guide. This 36-page booklet of household sewing machine needles includes fabric reference guide, needle anatomy, etc. Also includes the new color code chart. (Updated January 2014)

quick-thread-sm SCHMETZ® Quick Threading Needle PDF

When should this needle be used? What are its limitations?